Amethyst - A purple or violet form of transparent quartz used as a gemstone. Also a purple variety of corundum used as a gemstone. It s name comes from Greek meaning "not drunk," which stems from a belief that the purple (wine colored) stone could prevent intoxication and/or relieve hangovers. This stone is commonly used in necklaces, pendants, rings and bracelets.
Purple has long been considered a royal color so it is not surprising that Amethyst has been so much in demand during history. Fine Amethysts are featured in the British Crown Jewels and were also a favorite of Catherine the Great and Egyptian royalty. Leonardo Da Vinci wrote that Amethyst was able to dissipate evil thoughts and quicken the intelligence.
Folklore also claims Amethyst helps to calm the mind, heal sickness, and enhance psychic abilities. It is said to help you recognize the truth in yourself and others. It leads to increased intuition and mental flexibility. It brings an increased awareness of our dreams.